New Delhi: New estimates of labour migration in India have revealed that inter-state labor mobility is significantly higher than previous estimates.
This was stated in the Economic Survey 2016-17 presented by the Finance Minister Arun Jaitley in the Parliament today.
The study based on the analyses of new data sources and new methodologies also shows that the migration is accelerating.
The data sources used for the study are the 2011 Census and railway passenger traffic flows of the Ministry of Railways and new methodologies including the Cohort-based Migration Metric (CMM) .
The new CMM shows that inter-state labor mobility averaged 5-6.5 million people between 2001 and 2011, yielding an inter-state migrant population of about 60 million and an inter-district migration as high as 80 million.
The first-ever estimates of internal work-related migration using railways data for the period 2011-2016 indicate an annual average flow of close to 9 million migrant people between the states.
Both these estimates are significantly greater than the annual average flow of about 4 million suggested by successive Censuses and higher than previously estimated by any study.
The second finding from this new study is that migration for work and education is also accelerating.
Third, and a potentially exciting finding, for which there is tentative but no conclusive evidence, is that while political borders impede the flow of people, language does not seem to be a demonstrable barrier to the flow of people.
Image Courtesy: Bandhua 1947 blog
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